An intercultural and interdisciplinary challenge…
by José Carlos Morais
ERASMUS is in..
in a short period of time,
mentors and students create, develop and deliver applications or other quality projects, under intensive rhythm of work.
The fragility resulting from this multi-level dispersion is also the reason why:
lets take a look on Boosting Competences…
Recent studies reveal the presence of competences which appear more frequently in the characterization of Professional Profiles:
|12 Key competences|
|•Motivation for results||•Flexibility / Adaptability|
|•Customer orientation||•Development of collaborators|
|•Planning and organization||•Interpersonal relationship|
A competence implies:
|Compentences in the Organization|
|•Individual Skills|| •Leadership skills|
|•Collective Skills||•Organizational skills for teamwork|
•Relational skills for teamwork
|•Strategic Skills||•Innovation skills|
•Competences for internationalization
|•External Skills||•Supplier relationship management skills
•Customer relationship management skills
•Technological and market surveillance skills
If you keep in mind your group project and goals, and don’t forgetting the entire program, you will observe an exact correspondence between what you do and development of competences.
“The pack is the strength of the wolf”
«THE TEAM is more than the GROUP»
The concept of a team replaces the group concept in the Social Psychology.
The group becomes a team when it develops a feeling of shared involvement, trust, openly cooperate, seek synergies among their members.
Characteristics and 'advantages' of cohesion in groups =/= polarisation:
Sometimes is necessary…
National culture determines group and individual culture
Different Time Reading……the solution: Emotional intelligence
Culture = universal phenomenon ⇨ present in all human societies ...
Each society creates its own patterns of culture ⇨ great diversity of cultural patterns ...
The universal traits of culture translate into different cultural expressions from society to society ⇨ Cultural Diversity ...
Through the process of socialization, individuals internalize and integrate into the structure of their personality the socio-cultural elements of their environment (habits, values, norms, customs, customs, ...)
"Man receives from his cultural environment a way of being and thinking"
From the system of values internalized throughout the socialization, the attitudes are developed ...
"A tendency, a predisposition to react to a situation, person, object or fact in a positive or negative way. The presence of an attitude predisposes the individual to behave in a certain way "
Attitudes ≠ Behaviours ...
Importance of interpersonal relationships based on respect, tolerance and trust.
It consists in judging other cultures by comparing their own culture, that is, it is the attitude of a subject (or even of a collectively) that, in its evaluations, in its scales of values and in the judgments it issues about individuals from another group, from another class or from a different culture, systematically refers to the norms of their own group, class, and culture. This attitude is directly related to the belief that the group to which it belongs is superior to others ...
Ethnocentrism, in its most extreme form, leads to racism and xenophobia ...
Overvaluation of the group and the local, regional or national culture to which the subjects belong, with a consequent devaluation of different cultures and social organizations ... Universalization of the group's own values and the culture of belonging, considering that these values are benchmarks in the evaluation of diverse social structures and practices ... It is the "I" vs. the "other"
It can be a way to legitimize the domain and structure a power relationship ... Extreme historical forms of ethnocentrism: Racism; Religious Fanaticism; Colonial Genocide...
However, ethnocentrism is not restricted to historical forms, nor to political aspects ...
... It reveals itself in the relations between different groups of the same society (namely "class ethnocentrism") ...
Unprocessed and unconscious forms of ethnocentrism constitute a major obstacle to the understanding of social reality ...
- These arise implicitly; Not assumed; They are not elaborated
Ethnocentrism ⇨ think for preconceptions (race, sex, class, religion, civilization, ...)
to understand others in their own values and not in our own ...
Understand that many of the "truths of life" are less a matter of the essence of things, and more a matter of opinion ...
•Purpose of the coacher (coaching):
align the individual behaviour with group and team objectives
The “big Five” personality characteristics
•Challenge for mentors: